Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 1 The Last Lesson Notes, Explanation

12th class Flamingo English Notes Chapter 1 The Last Lesson Syllabus, Summary. Explanation, Difficult Words

CBSE Revision Notes for Class 12 English Core Flamingo chapter 1 The Last Lesson. online question papers, notes, complete study material for free to use.

Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 1 The Last Lesson Notes , Syllabus, Summary. Explanation, Difficult Words .

📚 Chapter 1 📚
💠 The Last Lesson 💠

❇️ Main Character In This Story …..

🔶  1. M. Hamel :- French Teacher 

🔶  2. Franz :- Student 

❇️ Introduction Of The Story …..

🔹 Whole story is about last day of France teacher in his school.

🔹 It was in 1870.

🔹 It was time of Franco – Prussian War ( Franco – German War ) .

🔹 France was defeated by Prussia.

🔹 German Victory. 

🔹 French districts ( Alsace and Lorraine ) Occupied by Germany.

🔹 German language forced on French Speakers.

🔹 Order came from Berlin for German language.

🔹 Berlin :- Large City of Germany.

✴️ Explanation And Short notes ✴️

❇️ Explanation …..

🔷 “The Last Lesson”, beautifully brings out the human tendency to postpone the learning of things feeling there is plenty of time to do so but they don’t realize when the doomsday will dawn and bring an end to our hopes and aspirations.

🔷 Franz is scared of going to school that day as his French teacher Mr. Hamel had announced a test on participles which he has not learnt. Although, Franz wants day out of the school and enjoy beauty of nature- the bright sunshine, the birds chirping in the woods, but eventually plans to go to school.

🔷 On the way, he passes through the Town Hall and sees the huge crowd around the Notice board. He does not stop as Bulletin board served all bad news, lost battles, the drafts and orders of the commanding officers. He sees Prussian soldiers drilling but resists.

❇️ Short notes …..

  • On reaching the school, the changes he noticed were:-
  • Instead of noisy classrooms everything was as quiet as Sunday morning.
  • All students were already in the classroom.
  • Mr. Hamel, the French teacher did not scold him and told him very kindly to take his seat .
  • He was dressed in his Sunday best- beautiful green coat, frilled shirt and black embroidered cap which he wore on functions and prize ceremonies only.
  • Villagers occupying the last benches- old Hauser, former mayor and postmaster were also there.
  • M. Hamel announced the notice which was served from Berlin as from tomorrow onwards German would be taught in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine;
  • He realizes that, that is what was put up on the bulletin board. Franz could not believe that it would be his last lesson of French. He repented that he does not know his own mother tongue and for not taking his lessons seriously.

❇️ Explanation …..

🔷 Now he realizes the reason why teacher is dressed in his Sunday best and villagers sitting at the back to pay tribute to M. Hamel for his 40 yrs of sincere service and also to express their solidarity with France. M. Hamel realizes that all three, the children, the parents and he himself are to be blamed for losing respect and regard for the mother tongue.

🔷 Franz is called to recite the lesson and he makes mistakes, but opposite to his thinking teacher does not scold him rather preaches that one should not waste time and postpone the things thinking that there is plenty of time. Always keep the mother tongue close to your heart as it is the key to the prison of slavery.

🔷 Atmosphere in class: teacher teaching sincerely and patiently, students and others studying with utmost sincerity.

🔷 Franz wondered sarcastically if Prussians could force pigeons to coo in German. M. Hamel overcome with emotions could not speak and wrote on the black board “Long Live France” and dismisses the class.

❇️ Short notes …..

  • Franz is afraid of going to school as he has not learnt participles.
  • He wants to enjoy beauty of nature. The bright sunshine, the birds chirruping in the woods, Prussian soldiers drilling but resisted.
  • Bulletin board:all bad news, lost battles, the drafts and orders of the commanding officers: wondered what it could be now .
  • The changes he noticed in the school.
  • Instead of noisy classrooms everything was as quiet as Sunday morning
  • The teacher does not scold him and told him very kindly to go to his seat
  • The teacher dressed in his Sunday best.
  • Villagers occupying the last benches- To pay tribute to M. Hamel for his 40 yrs of sincere service and also to express their solidarity with France.
  • M. Hamel making the announcement that that would be the last French lesson; realizes that, that was what was put up on the bulletin board.
  • Franz realizes that he does not know his own mother tongue .
  • Regretted why he had not taken his lessons seriously.
  • Also realizes the reason why teacher was dressed in his Sunday best and villagers sitting at the back.
  • M. Hamel realizes that all three, the children, the parents and he himself are to be blamed for losing respect and regard for the mother tongue.
  • Always keep the mother tongue close to your heart as it is the key to the prison of slavery.
  • Atmosphere in class: teacher teaching sincerely and patiently, students and others studying with utmost sincerity.
  • Franz wonders sarcastically if Prussians could force pigeons to coo in German.
  • M. Hamel overcome with emotions could not speak and wrote on the black board “Long Live France”.
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