Indigo class 12 notes, class 12 english chapter 5 indigo notes

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12 class Flamingo English Notes Chapter 5 Indigoย notes, Summary, Explanation, Difficult Words

CBSE Revision Notes for Class 12 English Flamingo chapter 5 Indigo. online question papers, notes, complete study material for free to use.

Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 5 Indigo Notes , Syllabus, Summary. Explanation, Difficult Words .

๐Ÿ“š Chapter 5 ๐Ÿ“š
๐Ÿ’  Indigo ๐Ÿ’ 

โ‡๏ธ Main Characters In This Story …..

๐Ÿ”น Mahatma Gandhi

๐Ÿ”น Rajkumar Shukla (Poor farmer)

๐Ÿ”น Land Lords

๐Ÿ”น Rajendra Prasad & Other Advocates

โ‡๏ธ Introduction Of Chapter …..

๐Ÿ”น Indigo is a story which deals with patience, courage and determination of Mahatma Gandhi to fight for Champaran.

๐Ÿ”น Who were oppressed by the Britishers, Zamindar and Big Planters.

๐Ÿ”น This chapter depecits how the Britishers forced the farmers to plant Indigo on their land.

๐Ÿ”น It also shows how the farmers were forced into an ancient arrangement of share cropping.

๐Ÿ”น The chapter deals with importance of self reliance and civil disobedience.

๐Ÿ”น It shows how Gandhi Ji tried to educate them and make the farmers fearless to fight their own battle.

โ‡๏ธ Short Explanation …..

“Indigo” portraits Gandhiji’s struggle for the poor peasants of Champaran. He managed to get justice after a yearlong battle for the peasants. He also made arrangements for the education, health and hygiene for the families of the poor peasants. He gave them the lesson of self- reliance. 

โ‡๏ธ Short notes …..

๐Ÿ”น Raj Kumar Shukla- A poor sharecropper from Champaran wishing to meet Gandhiji.

๐Ÿ”น Raj Kumar Shukla- an illiterate but resolute (determined) hence followed Gandhiji to Lucknow, Kanpur, Ahemdabad, Calcutta, Patna, Muzzafarpur & then Champaran.

๐Ÿ”น Servants at Rajendra Prasad’s residence thought Gandhi to be an untouchable because of his simple living style, scanty clothes and company of Raj Kumar Shukla.

๐Ÿ”น Decided to go to Muzzafarpur first to get detailed information about Champaran sharecropper.

๐Ÿ”น Sent telegram to J B Kriplani and stayed in Prof. Malkani’s home a government servant.

๐Ÿ”น Gandhiji went to the British Official Commissioner who asked him to leave Trihut, Gandhiji disobeyed, went to Motihari the capital of Champaran where multitude greeted him, continued his investigations.

๐Ÿ”น Indians afraid to show sympathy to the supporters of home rule.

๐Ÿ”น The news of Gandhi’s arrival spread- sharecroppers gathered in large number to meet vast their champion.

๐Ÿ”น Gandhiji chided the Muzzafarpur lawyer for taking high fee.

๐Ÿ”น Champaran district was divided into estate owned by English people, Indians only tenant farmers.

๐Ÿ”น Landlords compelled tenants to plant 15% of their land with indigo and surrender their entire harvest as rent.

๐Ÿ”น In the meantime Germany had developed synthetic indigo-British landlords freed the Indian farmers from the 15% arrangement but asked them to pay compensation.

๐Ÿ”น Many signed, some resisted, engaged lawyers, landlords hired thugs.

๐Ÿ”นGandhiji reached Champaran- visited the secretary of the British landlord association to get the facts but denied as he was an outsider.

๐Ÿ”น Visited maltreated villagers, stopped by the police superintendent but disobeyed the order.

๐Ÿ”น Motihari black with peasants’ spontaneous demonstrations, Gandhi released without bail Civil Disobedience triumphed.

๐Ÿ”น Gandhiji agreed to 25% refund by the landowners, it symbolized the surrender of the prestige.

๐Ÿ”น Gandhiji worked hard towards social economic reforms, elevated their distress aided by his wife, Mahadev Desai, Narhari Parikh.

๐Ÿ”น Gandhiji taught a lesson of self-reliance by not seeking help of an English man Mr. Andrews.

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