Class 12 English VISTAS Chapter 4 The Enemy Notes, summary, Explanation

12 class VISTAS English Notes Chapter 4 The Enemy notes, Summary, Explanation, Difficult Words

CBSE Revision Notes for Class 12 English VISTAS chapter 4 The Enemy. online question papers, notes, complete study material for free to use.

Class 12 English VISTAS Chapter 4 The Enemy Notes , Syllabus, Summary. Explanation, Difficult Words .

📚 Chapter 4 📚
💠 The Enemy 💠

❇️ Main Characters In This Story …..

🔹  Dr. Sadao- Japanese surgeon

🔹  Hana- Wife of Dr. Sadao

🔹  Yumi and servants- Workers

🔹  Old general- Japanese Army

🔹  Tom- American Prisoner

❇️ Introduction Of Chapter …..

  • Time Of World War II 
  • Japan Is At War With America 
  • An American Prisoner Of War Gets Washed Away At The Doorstep Of Japanese Doctor Sadao.
  • Choice Is Very Hard For Dr. Sadao And His Wife (Hana)
  • Should They Hand Him To The Police Or Save His Life 
  • As A Doctor Sadao Gives Priority To Save The Life Of A Dying Man.
  • Not Only Does He Save Him But Also Helps Him In Escaping To Freedom.

❇️ Explanation And Main summary …..

The story is written with the backdrop of the Second World War. It brings out the sad plight of a prisoner of war and also deals with the conflict that a’ doctor couple faces because of sheltering an enemy.

Dr. Sadao, a Japanese surgeon finds a wounded American soldier on the beach near his house. He is unable to throw him back though he was his enemy as he was a doctor and his first duty was to save a life. Hana, his wife, though initially reluctant because it was dangerous for all including the children to keep the enemy in the house, joins her husband in operating and nursing the enemy soldier back to health, even though the servants desert the house. Hana assists Dr. Sadao in operating the soldier in spite of her physical discomfort and hesitation.

Though it was war time and all hands were needed at the front, the General did not send Sadao with the troops as he is an expert surgeon and the General needed him. Sadao tells him about the enemy soldier but he does not take any action as he is self-absorbed and forgets his promise that he would send his private assassins to kill the enemy and remove his body. Taking advantage of the general’s self-absorption Sadao decides to save the soldiers life. After the soldier is out of danger Dr. Sadao helps him to escape from his house to safety.

Sadao recalled his time spent in America, the people he met, the teacher who taught him, Miss Harley who hated him yet was kind to him, the Americans with all their prejudices. He wondered why he could not kill Tom, the American prisoner of war.

❇️ Short notes …..

🔹 Dr. Sadao, a Japanese surgeon finds a wounded American soldier on the beach near his house.

🔹 He is unable to throw him back though he was his enemy as he was a doctor and his first duty was to save a life.

🔹 Hana, his wife, though initially reluctant because it was dangerous for all including the children to keep the enemy in the house, joins her husband in operating and nursing the enemy soldier back to health, even though the servants desert the house.

🔹 Hana assists Dr. Sadao in operating the soldier in spite of her physical discomfort and hesitation.

🔹 Though it was war time and all hands were needed at the front, the General did not send Sadao with the troops as he is an expert surgeon and the General needed him.

🔹 Sadao tells him about the enemy soldier but he does not take any action as he is self- absorbed and forgets his promise that he would send his private assassins to kill the enemy and remove his body.

🔹 Taking advantage of the general’s self-absorption Sadao decides to save the soldiers life. After the soldier is out of danger Dr. Sadao helps him to escape from his house to safety.

❇️ SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS …..

Q 1. Why did the General overlook the matter of the enemy soldier ?

ANS. The General had an attack and according to Dr. Sadao he could not survive the second attack. So if Dr. Sadao was arrested, no other doctor was capable of performing the operation. So for furthering his selfish needs he overlooked the matter and promised to send his assassins. But he was so self-absorbed, he forgot about it.

Q 2. Why was Dr. Sadao not sent with the troops ?

ANS. The General thought that Dr. Sadao was indispensable to his life and could can save anyone as he was very skilled.

He also does not trust anyone except Dr. Sadao So he was not sent with troops.

Q 3. How was the plan of the patient’s escape executed in the story ?

ANS. The prisoner was successful in his escape only because of the right guidance and help from Dr. Sadao. He provided him his boat, gave him food, made him wear Japanese clothes and also helped him to comfortably sail to a nearby island.

Q 4. Why did the servants leave Dr. Sadao’s house ?

ANS. They were not in favour of keeping the American prisoner hidden in the house. They also did not want Dr. Sadao to save his life as he was the enemy. Also, if the police came to know of it, all their lives would be in danger. Dr Sadao may be considered traitor. They were also worried about the prestige and future of the family.

Q 5. How did Hana help Dr. Sadao ?

ANS. Hana was very helpful while the operation was on. She dipped a small clean towel into the steaming hot water washed the face of the soldier herself. She was requested to give the anesthetic if needed. With the help of instruments from his emergency bag, Sadao made a clean and precise incision. The bullet was out and the doctor declared that the man would live. Hama served the patient with intensive care.

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