Class 9 Civics Chapter 1 What is Democracy Why Democracy Notes

9 Class Social Science Civics Chapter 1 What is Democracy? Why Democracy? Notes

TextbookNCERT
ClassClass 9
SubjectCivics
Chapter Chapter 1
Chapter NameWhat is Democracy? Why Democracy?
CategoryClass 9 Civics Notes
MediumHindi

Class 9 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 What is Democracy? Why Democracy? Notes In which we will learn about democracy, main features of democracy, main features of democratic government, some features of non-democratic government, arguments against democracy, arguments in favor of democracy, etc.

Class 9 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 What is Democracy? Why Democracy? Notes

📚 Chapter = 1 📚
💠 What is Democracy? Why Democracy? 💠

❇️ Meaning of Democracy :-

🔹 Democracy is taken from a Greek word- ‘Demokratia’ or Latin word- ‘Democratia’

🔹 In Greek- Demos means ‘people’ and Kratia means ‘rule’. i.e. democracy means rule of people.

❇️ Democracy :-

🔹 In fact Democracy is said to be a form of government in which people elect their own ruler.

❇️ Meaning of Democracy by Abraham Lincoln :-

🔹 “Democracy is a form of government of the people, for the people, by the people.

❇️ Main Features of Democracy  :-

🔶 First feature :-

🔹 In a democracy, the final decision making power must rest with those elected by the people.

🔶 Second feature :-

🔹 A democracy must be based on a free and fair election where those currently in power have a fair chance of losing.

🔶 Third feature :-

🔹 In a democracy, each adult citizen must have one vote and each vote must have one value.

🔶 Fourth feature :-

🔹 A democratic government rules within limits set by constitutional law and citizens’ rights.

❇️ The characteristics of democratic government :-

  • Decision making power must be with those elected by the people.
  • It must be based on free and fair election at fixed interval.
  • It must be based on universal adult franchise 
  • Govt. should rule within limits set by constitutional law and citizens’ right. Freedom of press and citizen rights

❇️ The characteristics of a non democratic government :-

  • Only a few has the power of decision making.
  • Elections are absent or are not fair. 
  • No place for opposition 
  • Curb on people’s right 
  • Censorship

❇️ Arguments against Democracy :-

  • Leads to instability due to frequent leader change.
  • Some time it leads to bad decision.
  • Leads to delay due to constant consultancy.
  • It encourages corruption as it is based on electoral competition.
  • It is only about competition and power play, no scope for morality.
  • Ordinary people do not have the decision making ability.

❇️ Arguments for Democracy :-

  • It is more accountable to its citizen
  • Improves the quality of decision making
  • It provides the method to deal with differences and conflicts
  • It enhances the dignity of Citizen
  • It allows the citizen to correct their own mistakes

❇️ Broader meanings of democracy :-

  • Democracy is considered the best available form of government. 
  • However in its broader sense is not just a political institution but a way of life. 
  • It is rooted in our day to day life functioning where decisions are made that involve consultation with and consent of all those who are affected by decisions. 
  • This apply to a family, a community or even a government.
  • Thus it enables us to judge the present situation and its weaknesses and encourages marching towards betterment.
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