9 Class Economics Chapter 4 Food Security in India Notes
|Chapter Name||Food Security in India|
|Category||Class 9 Economics Notes|
Class 9 Economics Chapter 4 Food Security in India Notes In which we will learn about food security, food security in times of disaster, seasonal hunger, self-sufficiency in food grains, food security in India, public distribution system etc.
Class 9 Economics Chapter 4 Food Security in India Notes
📚 Chapter = 4 📚
💠 Food Security in India 💠
❇️ Why Food Security?
🔹 The poorest section of the society remains food insecure all the times.
🔹 People above poverty line might also feel food insecure in times of natur calamity like earthquake, drought, flood, tsunami etc.
❇️ How calamities affect food security?
- Due to natural calamities the production of crops decreases which led to food scarcity in that area.
- Due to scarcity food price rises up,
- at this point some disadvantaged section of society will be deprived of food,
- if the calamity existed for long time it will eventually lead to starvation and famine.
- it may ultimately lead to widespread death due to weakness or weak immune system.
❇️ Who are food-insecure?
- People with little or no land, traditional artisans, providers of traditional services, petty self-employed workers and destitutes including beggars are the main sufferers of food and nutrition insecurity.
- In urban areas people employed for low wages and in the casual labour market are major victims.
- A large proportion of pregnant and nursing mothers and children under 5 years of age suffer from malnutrition and are thus, food insecure.
- Economically backward states are more prone to natural disasters etc. are also affected.
- Since independence, India has aimed to achieve ‘Self Sufficiency in Foodgrains’.
- So the Green Revolution was the result of a strategy implemented after independence.
❇️ Dimensions of Food Security in India :-
🔶 Availability :-
- Food production within the country.
- Stock stored in government granaries.
🔶 Accessibility :-
- Food within the reach of every person.
🔶 Affordability :-
- Enough food is available for all person.
- Persons have capacity to buy food of acceptable quality.
- There is no barrier on access of food.
❇️ Food Insecure group in Urban Areas :-
- Person employed in ill-paid occupations.
- Casual labour
❇️ Food Insecurity in Social Composition :-
- Schedule Castes
- Schedule Tribes
- New born babies
❇️ Food Insecure groups in Rural Areas :-
- Traditional artisans (Weavers, potters etc.)
- Petty Self employed.
- Providers of Services (Barbers, Washer men)
- Small and landless farmers
❇️ Hunger :-
🔹 Hunger is an aspect of not just indicating food insecurity and poverty but also brings poverty.
🔹 The attainment of food security involves eliminating current hunger and reducing the risk of future hunger.
❇️ Hunger has chronic and seasonal dimensions :-
- Poor people suffer from chronic hunger due to very low income and are food insecure all the times.
- In rural areas Seasonal hunger is caused by the seasonal nature of agricultural activities.
- In urban areas, seasonal hunger occurs because of the casual type of work like construction worker won’t get work during rainy season.
❇️ Need for self-sufficiency in food grains :-
- To feed rising population.
- To fight against droughts, floods, cyclone, etc.
- To reduce import of food grains.
- To control prices of food grains.
❇️ Steps Taken by Government of India for food Security :-
- Buffer Stock
- Minimum Support Price
- Issue Price
- Public Distribution System
- Fair price shops
❇️ Buffer Stock :-
🔹 Buffer Stock is the stock of food grains (wheat and rice) procured by the government through the Food Corporation of India (FCI).
❇️ Minimum Support Price’ (MSP) :-
🔹 The FCI purchases wheat and rice for the government from the farmers of surplus states at pre-announced prices. This price is called ‘Minimum Support Price’ (MSP).
❇️ Issue Price :-
🔹 The grains stored in Buffer Stocks are distributed in deficit areas and among the poor strata of society at a price lower than the market price known as Issue Price.
❇️ Subsidy :-
🔹 Subsidy is a payment that a government makes to a producer to supplement the market price of a commodity . It keeps consumer prices low while maintain a higher income for producers.
❇️ Rationing :-
🔹 Rationing in India dates back to 1940’s against the backdrop of Bengal famine , but was revived in the wake of acute food shortage during 1960’s before Green Revolution .
❇️ The Role of Cooperative in Food Security :-
- The cooperative societies set up shops to sell low priced goods to poor people.
- In Delhi, Mother Dairy is making strides in providing of milk and vegetables to the consumers at controlled rate decided by Government of Delhi.
- Amul is another success story of cooperative in milk and milk Products from Gujarat. It has brought the White Revolution in country.
- In Maharashtra, Academy of Developmental Science (ADS) has facilitated a network of NGOS for setting up grain banks in different regions.
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