Class 9 Economics Chapter 4 Food Security in India Notes

9 Class Economics Chapter 4 Food Security in India Notes

TextbookNCERT
ClassClass 9
SubjectEconomics
Chapter Chapter 4
Chapter NameFood Security in India
CategoryClass 9 Economics Notes
MediumHindi

Class 9 Economics Chapter 4 Food Security in India Notes In which we will learn about food security, food security in times of disaster, seasonal hunger, self-sufficiency in food grains, food security in India, public distribution system etc.

Class 9 Economics Chapter 4 Food Security in India Notes

📚 Chapter = 4 📚
💠 Food Security in India 💠

❇️ Why Food Security?

🔹 The poorest section of the society remains food insecure all the times. 

🔹 People above poverty line might also feel food insecure in times of natur calamity like earthquake, drought, flood, tsunami etc.

❇️ How calamities affect food security?

  • Due to natural calamities the production of crops decreases which led to food scarcity in that area. 
  • Due to scarcity food price rises up, 
  • at this point some disadvantaged section of society will be deprived of food, 
  • if the calamity existed for long time it will eventually lead to starvation and famine. 
  • it may ultimately lead to widespread death due to weakness or weak immune system.

❇️ Who are food-insecure?

  • People with little or no land, traditional artisans, providers of traditional services, petty self-employed workers and destitutes including beggars are the main sufferers of food and nutrition insecurity.
  • In urban areas people employed for low wages and in the casual labour market are major victims.
  • A large proportion of pregnant and nursing mothers and children under 5 years of age suffer from malnutrition and are thus, food insecure.
  • Economically backward states are more prone to natural disasters etc. are also affected.
  • Since independence, India has aimed to achieve ‘Self Sufficiency in Foodgrains’.
  • So the Green Revolution was the result of a strategy implemented after independence.

❇️ Dimensions of Food Security in India :-

🔶 Availability :-

  • Food production within the country. 
  • Import 
  • Stock stored in government granaries.

🔶 Accessibility :-

  • Food within the reach of every person.

🔶 Affordability :-

  • Enough food is available for all person. 
  • Persons have capacity to buy food of acceptable quality. 
  • There is no barrier on access of food.

❇️ Food Insecure group in Urban Areas :-

  • Person employed in ill-paid occupations. 
  • Casual labour

❇️ Food Insecurity in Social Composition :-

  • Schedule Castes
  • Schedule Tribes
  • OBCS
  • Migrants
  • Female
  • New born babies

❇️ Food Insecure groups in Rural Areas :-

  • Traditional artisans (Weavers, potters etc.)
  • Petty Self employed.
  • Providers of Services (Barbers, Washer men)
  • Destitude
  • Small and landless farmers

❇️ Hunger :-

🔹 Hunger is an aspect of not just indicating food insecurity and poverty but also brings poverty.

🔹 The attainment of food security involves eliminating current hunger and reducing the risk of future hunger.

❇️ Hunger has chronic and seasonal dimensions :- 

  • Poor people suffer from chronic hunger due to very low income and are food insecure all the times. 
  • In rural areas Seasonal hunger is caused by the seasonal nature of agricultural activities. 
  • In urban areas, seasonal hunger occurs because of the casual type of work like construction worker won’t get work during rainy season.

❇️ Need for self-sufficiency in food grains :-

  • To feed rising population.
  • To fight against droughts, floods, cyclone, etc.
  • To reduce import of food grains.
  • To control prices of food grains.

❇️ Steps Taken by Government of India for food Security :-

  • Buffer Stock
  • Minimum Support Price
  • Issue Price
  • Subsidy
  • Rationing
  • Public Distribution System
  • Fair price shops

❇️ Buffer Stock :-

🔹 Buffer Stock is the stock of food grains (wheat and rice) procured by the government through the Food Corporation of India (FCI).

❇️ Minimum Support Price’ (MSP) :-

🔹 The FCI purchases wheat and rice for the government from the farmers of surplus states at pre-announced prices. This price is called ‘Minimum Support Price’ (MSP).

❇️ Issue Price :-

🔹 The grains stored in Buffer Stocks are distributed in deficit areas and among the poor strata of society at a price lower than the market price known as Issue Price.

❇️ Subsidy :-

🔹 Subsidy is a payment that a government makes to a producer to supplement the market price of a commodity . It keeps consumer prices low while maintain a higher income for producers.

❇️ Rationing :-

🔹 Rationing in India dates back to 1940’s against the backdrop of Bengal famine , but was revived in the wake of acute food shortage during 1960’s before Green Revolution .

❇️ The Role of Cooperative in Food Security :-

  • The cooperative societies set up shops to sell low priced goods to poor people. 
  • In Delhi, Mother Dairy is making strides in providing of milk and vegetables to the consumers at controlled rate decided by Government of Delhi. 
  • Amul is another success story of cooperative in milk and milk Products from Gujarat. It has brought the White Revolution in country. 
  • In Maharashtra, Academy of Developmental Science (ADS) has facilitated a network of NGOS for setting up grain banks in different regions.
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