Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 5 Indigo Notes, summary, Explanation

12 class Flamingo English Notes Chapter 5 Indigo notes, Summary, Explanation, Difficult Words

CBSE Revision Notes for Class 12 English Flamingo chapter 5 Indigo. online question papers, notes, complete study material for free to use.

Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 5 Indigo Notes , Syllabus, Summary. Explanation, Difficult Words .

📚 Chapter 5 📚
💠 Indigo 💠

❇️ Main Characters In This Story …..

🔹 Mahatma Gandhi

🔹 Rajkumar Shukla (Poor farmer)

🔹 Land Lords

🔹 Rajendra Prasad & Other Advocates

❇️ Introduction Of Chapter …..

🔹 Indigo is a story which deals with patience, courage and determination of Mahatma Gandhi to fight for Champaran.

🔹 Who were oppressed by the Britishers, Zamindar and Big Planters.

🔹 This chapter depecits how the Britishers forced the farmers to plant Indigo on their land.

🔹 It also shows how the farmers were forced into an ancient arrangement of share cropping.

🔹 The chapter deals with importance of self reliance and civil disobedience.

🔹 It shows how Gandhi Ji tried to educate them and make the farmers fearless to fight their own battle.

❇️ Short Explanation …..

“Indigo” portraits Gandhiji’s struggle for the poor peasants of Champaran. He managed to get justice after a yearlong battle for the peasants. He also made arrangements for the education, health and hygiene for the families of the poor peasants. He gave them the lesson of self- reliance. 

❇️ Short notes …..

🔹 Raj Kumar Shukla- A poor sharecropper from Champaran wishing to meet Gandhiji.

🔹 Raj Kumar Shukla- an illiterate but resolute (determined) hence followed Gandhiji to Lucknow, Kanpur, Ahemdabad, Calcutta, Patna, Muzzafarpur & then Champaran.

🔹 Servants at Rajendra Prasad’s residence thought Gandhi to be an untouchable because of his simple living style, scanty clothes and company of Raj Kumar Shukla.

🔹 Decided to go to Muzzafarpur first to get detailed information about Champaran sharecropper.

🔹 Sent telegram to J B Kriplani and stayed in Prof. Malkani’s home a government servant.

🔹 Gandhiji went to the British Official Commissioner who asked him to leave Trihut, Gandhiji disobeyed, went to Motihari the capital of Champaran where multitude greeted him, continued his investigations.

🔹 Indians afraid to show sympathy to the supporters of home rule.

🔹 The news of Gandhi’s arrival spread- sharecroppers gathered in large number to meet vast their champion.

🔹 Gandhiji chided the Muzzafarpur lawyer for taking high fee.

🔹 Champaran district was divided into estate owned by English people, Indians only tenant farmers.

🔹 Landlords compelled tenants to plant 15% of their land with indigo and surrender their entire harvest as rent.

🔹 In the meantime Germany had developed synthetic indigo-British landlords freed the Indian farmers from the 15% arrangement but asked them to pay compensation.

🔹 Many signed, some resisted, engaged lawyers, landlords hired thugs.

🔹Gandhiji reached Champaran- visited the secretary of the British landlord association to get the facts but denied as he was an outsider.

🔹 Visited maltreated villagers, stopped by the police superintendent but disobeyed the order.

🔹 Motihari black with peasants’ spontaneous demonstrations, Gandhi released without bail Civil Disobedience triumphed.

🔹 Gandhiji agreed to 25% refund by the landowners, it symbolized the surrender of the prestige.

🔹 Gandhiji worked hard towards social economic reforms, elevated their distress aided by his wife, Mahadev Desai, Narhari Parikh.

🔹 Gandhiji taught a lesson of self-reliance by not seeking help of an English man Mr. Andrews.

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